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高一英语第十六单元Unit 16 Fire

时间:2022-08-03 08:20:39 其他高中语文 我要投稿 收藏本文 下载本文

以下是小编帮大家整理的高一英语第十六单元Unit 16 Fire,本文共5篇,仅供参考,希望能够帮助到大家。

高一英语第十六单元Unit 16 Fire

篇1:初三英语第十六单元

要点解析

1.be able to (do) 能(做),会(做)

be able to在JIII-37 已学过,它和can意思相近,但be able to 可有更多的时态形式,还可和情态词连用,也可用于不定式等短语中,例如:

1) Are you able to come tomorrow? (=Can you come tomorrow?)

你明天能来吗?

2)I'm afraid he won't be able to go to school today.

恐怕他今天不能去上学了。

3)I was able to catch what he said.

我听懂了他说的话。

4)We haven't been able to find her.

我们一直没能找到她。

5) You are better able to do it than I am.

你比我更有能力做此事。

6) He must be able to do it.

他一定能做这件事。

7) I would like very much to be able to read, but I'm too old to learn.

我非常想能看书,可是我年纪太大了学不了了。

2. be made of…用(某种原料)做的,用…制成

be made in…在(某地)制造

1)This knife is made of metal and wood.

这把刀子是用金属和木头做的。

2)This necklace is made of glass.

这个项链是用玻璃做的。

3)These flowers are made of paper.

这些花儿是用纸做的。

4) This watch is made in Switzerland.

这只表是瑞士制造的。

5) These bicycles are made in China.

这些自行车是中国制造的。

3. be used for…被用来(作某种用途)

介词for表示目的,后接名词、代词或动名词。例如:

1)The knife is used for cutting things.

刀子是用来切割东西的。

2) English is widely used for business.

英语被广泛用于商业。

3) The hall was used for our party.

礼堂被用来举办我们的晚会了。

4) Bamboo can be used for building.

竹子可以用于建筑。

be used as…被用作

介词as意为“作”、“当作”。as引出的短语在句中作补足语。例如:

1) English is used as the second language in that country.

在那个国家英语被用作第二语言。

2) The card is used as a bookmark.

这张卡片被用作书签。

3) He was used as a stepping stone.

他被人用作垫脚石了。

4)English is used as the first language by most people in the USA, Great Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

英语被美国、英国、加拿大、澳大利亚和新西兰的大多数人用作第一语言。

be used by…被…所使用

介词by意为“被”、“由”,用来引出被动语态中动作的执行者。例如;

1) English is used by travellers and business people all over the world.

英语被全世界的旅行者及商人们使用。

2) French is used by some Canadians as their first language.

法语被一些加拿大人用作第一语言。

3) Bicycles are widely used by us.

自行车被我们广泛使用。

4. leave school离开学校,毕业

中等学校毕业常说 leave school或 finish school。

l)When did you leave school?

你什么时候毕业的?

2)He left school at the age of eighteen.

他18岁时毕了业。

3)Mary left school last year and is work in a shop.

玛丽去年毕业,现在在一家商店工作。

4)She has just left Lu Xun Middle School.

她刚刚从鲁迅中学毕业。

5.lock vt.锁,锁上

1)I closed and locked the door.

我把门关上并锁上。

2)He found that the door was locked.

他发现门是锁着的。

3)All the afternoon he worked with the door locked.

整个下午他都锁着门工作。

lock用作不及物动词( Vi)时,说明或强调句中主语(事物)由于本身的原因而能否

“锁上”。例如:

1) This door won't lock.

这门锁不上。

2) The box locks easily.

这箱子挺容易锁的。

lock用作名词时,意为“锁”。例如:

1)The lock is broken.

这锁坏了。

2) You lock the door by turning the key in the lock.

把钥匙在锁里扭动门就锁上了。

6. make a telephone call(to sb)(给某人)打电话

1) I'd like to make a telephone call to Mr Brown.

我想给布朗先生打个电话。

2) Half the world's telephone calls are made in English.

世界上有一半的电话是用英语打的。

“打电话”还常用 call,ring,phone(=telephone),give a call/ring等。例如:

1) I must go and telephone him.

我必须去给他打电话。

2) She phoned to say she couldn't come.

她打电话说来不了。

3) We telephoned him to ask if he could come to the party.

我们给他打电话问他是否能参加晚会。

4) I'll call yon later.

以后我给你打电话。

5) Shall I ring him up?

要我给他打个电话吗?

6) Give me a call tomorrow.

明天给我打个电话。

7) Ring me(up) at three.

3点钟给我打电话。

8) Why don't you give him a ring?

你干吗不给他打个电话?

7.produce vt.生产,制造

1) Australia produces wool and meat.

澳大利亚生产羊毛和肉。

2) This factory produces 1000 cars a week.

这个工厂每周生产1000辆汽车。

3) Much of the salt that we use is produced from the sea.

我们所用的盐有许多是产自海水。

4) A hen produces eggs, and a cow produces milk.

母鸡产蛋,奶牛产奶。

8. all over the world全世界

此外 all over意为“整个”、“遍及”。“遍布”。“在…各地(in every part of)。例如:

1) These modern cars are used all over the world.

这些现代化汽车全世界都在使用。

2)We have friends all over the world.

我们的朋友遍天下。

3)Soon the news is all over Britain.

很快这个消息就传遍了全英国。

4) The snow was all over the ground.

遍地都是雪。

5) I've looked all over the house.

我把整个房屋都看遍了。

6) I have travelled all over China many, many times in my life.

我一生中多次走遍全中国。

around the world 在世界范围内

此处介词 around意为”在…范围内“。例如:

1) He spent a week travelling around the country.

他用了一周的时间在这个国家里旅行。

2) Most business letters around the world are written in English.

世界上的大多数商业信件是用英语写的。

3) I travelled around the world for a few years.

我周游世界几年。

9. else adv.别的,其它的

1)else可用在由some-,any-,no-,every一与一body,-thing,-one构成的复合不定代词的后边,起定语作用。例如:

①Did you see anybody else(=any other persons)?

你看见别的人了吗?

②Ask somebody else to help you.

请别人帮助你吧。

③Nothing else(=Nothing more), thank you.

没有别的事了,谢谢。

2)else还可用在副词somewhere, anywhere, nowhere的后边,起状语作用。例如:

①It's too noisy here. Let's go somewhere else.

这里太吵人了。我们去别的地方吧。

②You can't get it anywhere else.

这东西别的地方弄不到。

3)else可用在疑问代词 who, whose, what等后面(但不能用在 which后);也可用在疑问副词 when, where, how, why等后面。例如:

①Who else wants a ticket for Sunday?

还有谁想要星期天的票?

@What else do you want?

你还想要什么?

③Where else did you go?

你还去哪里了?

④I can't come on Tuesday.When else can we meet?

我星期二来不了。我们还能什么时候见面?

10.glass n.玻璃杯;玻璃

英语中有些名词既可用作可数,又可用作不可数,但其意义不同,常常是用于可数时表

示个体的概念,用于不可数时表示物质或抽象的概念。

可数名词不可数名词

a glass(玻璃杯) glass(玻璃)

a paper(报纸;试卷;论文) paper(纸)

a chicken(小鸡) chicken(鸡肉)

a life(生命) life(生活)

1)I broke a glass this morning. Glass is made from sand.

今天早上我打碎了一个玻璃杯。 玻璃是由沙子制造的。

2)What do the papers say? Paper is made from wood.

报上说些什么? 纸是由木材制成的。

3)He ate a whole chicken! Would you like some chicken?

他吃了整整一只鸡! 你要吃点儿鸡肉吗?

11.none pron.没有任何人或东西,一个人也没有

none的意思是 no one; no person; not any。它既可用于可数名词(须是指两个以上的人或物),又可用于不可数名词。none在句中起名词作用。当none在匈中用作主语时,如果代替的是可数名词,则谓语用单数或复数;如果代替不可数名词,则谓语只能用单数。注意 none后可接of结构。例如:

1) None of them spoke English except Tom.

除了汤姆外,他们谁也不讲英语。

2) None of his friends has/have ever been to Paris.

他的朋友谁也没去过巴黎。

3) None of the money is his.

这钱没有一点儿是他的。

4)一How many fish did you catch?你捉了多少条鱼?

一None.一条也没有。

5) He understood none of the lecture.

这课他一点儿没听懂。

6) I like none of the music.

这音乐我一点儿都不喜欢。

7) English is the first language in none of these countries.

在这些国家里,英语都不是第一语言。

no one和nobody意思一样,均指人,表示两个以上的人里”没有…人“。它们只能用

于可数名词,在句中可作主语或宾语。注意它们后边不可以接of结构。

1) No one wished him a happy birthday.

没有人祝他生日快乐。

2) No one wants to make friends with him.

谁也不想和他交朋友。

3) There was nobody to look after the child.

没人照料这个孩子。

试比较:

I've read no one of his books. (误)

I've read none of his books. (正)他的书我一本都没读过。

I haven't tead any of his books. (正)

12. the number of……的数(量)

表示某些人或物的具体数(量)。在句中作主语时,谓语要用单数。

l)The number of students in our class is 45.

我们班的学生人数是45位。

2)The number of cars we need is 20.

我们需要的汽车数是20辆。

3) Do you know the number of girls coming to the party?

你知道要出席晚会的女孩子人数吗?

4) Which language is spoken by the largest number of people in the world?

世界上哪种语言说的人数最多?

比较:a number of一些,若干(some;several)

后接可数名词复数,作主语时谓语要用复数。例如:

A number of students have been there.

有些学生去过那里。

13.That is why we are learning English in China.

那就是我们在中国学习英语的原因。

句中划线部分为表语从句,由连接副词 why引导。其它表语从句又如:

l) That is why he was late.

那就是他来晚的原因。

2) This is what I said to him.

这就是我对他说的话。

3) That is how we helped her to find her son.

我们就是这样帮助她找到她的儿子的。

4) That is where Lu Xun once lived.

那就是鲁迅经住过的地方。

5) The fact is (that) I have never been there.

事实是我从来没去过那里。第十六课

要点解析

1.be able to (do) 能(做),会(做)

be able to在JIII-37 已学过,它和can意思相近,但be able to 可有更多的时态形式,还可和情态词连用,也可用于不定式等短语中,例如:

1) Are you able to come tomorrow? (=Can you come tomorrow?)

你明天能来吗?

2)I'm afraid he won't be able to go to school today.

恐怕他今天不能去上学了。

3)I was able to catch what he said.

我听懂了他说的话。

4)We haven't been able to find her.

我们一直没能找到她。

5) You are better able to do it than I am.

你比我更有能力做此事。

6) He must be able to do it.

他一定能做这件事。

7) I would like very much to be able to read, but I'm too old to learn.

我非常想能看书,可是我年纪太大了学不了了。

2. be made of…用(某种原料)做的,用…制成

be made in…在(某地)制造

1)This knife is made of metal and wood.

这把刀子是用金属和木头做的。

2)This necklace is made of glass.

这个项链是用玻璃做的。

3)These flowers are made of paper.

这些花儿是用纸做的。

4) This watch is made in Switzerland.

这只表是瑞士制造的。

5) These bicycles are made in China.

这些自行车是中国制造的。

3. be used for…被用来(作某种用途)

介词for表示目的,后接名词、代词或动名词。例如:

1)The knife is used for cutting things.

刀子是用来切割东西的。

2) English is widely used for business.

英语被广泛用于商业。

3) The hall was used for our party.

礼堂被用来举办我们的晚会了。

4) Bamboo can be used for building.

竹子可以用于建筑。

be used as…被用作

介词as意为”作“、”当作“。as引出的短语在句中作补足语。例如:

1) English is used as the second language in that country.

在那个国家英语被用作第二语言。

2) The card is used as a bookmark.

这张卡片被用作书签。

3) He was used as a stepping stone.

他被人用作垫脚石了。

4)English is used as the first language by most people in the USA, Great Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

英语被美国、英国、加拿大、澳大利亚和新西兰的大多数人用作第一语言。

be used by…被…所使用

介词by意为”被“、”由“,用来引出被动语态中动作的执行者。例如;

1) English is used by travellers and business people all over the world.

英语被全世界的旅行者及商人们使用。

2) French is used by some Canadians as their first language.

法语被一些加拿大人用作第一语言。

3) Bicycles are widely used by us.

自行车被我们广泛使用。

4. leave school离开学校,毕业

中等学校毕业常说 leave school或 finish school。

l)When did you leave school?

你什么时候毕业的?

2)He left school at the age of eighteen.

他18岁时毕了业。

3)Mary left school last year and is work in a shop.

玛丽去年毕业,现在在一家商店工作。

4)She has just left Lu Xun Middle School.

她刚刚从鲁迅中学毕业。

5.lock vt.锁,锁上

1)I closed and locked the door.

我把门关上并锁上。

2)He found that the door was locked.

他发现门是锁着的。

3)All the afternoon he worked with the door locked.

整个下午他都锁着门工作。

lock用作不及物动词( Vi)时,说明或强调句中主语(事物)由于本身的原因而能否

”锁上“。例如:

1) This door won't lock.

这门锁不上。

2) The box locks easily.

这箱子挺容易锁的。

lock用作名词时,意为”锁“。例如:

1)The lock is broken.

这锁坏了。

2) You lock the door by turning the key in the lock.

把钥匙在锁里扭动门就锁上了。

6. make a telephone call(to sb)(给某人)打电话

1) I'd like to make a telephone call to Mr Brown.

我想给布朗先生打个电话。

2) Half the world's telephone calls are made in English.

世界上有一半的电话是用英语打的。

”打电话“还常用 call,ring,phone(=telephone),give a call/ring等。例如:

1) I must go and telephone him.

我必须去给他打电话。

2) She phoned to say she couldn't come.

她打电话说来不了。

3) We telephoned him to ask if he could come to the party.

我们给他打电话问他是否能参加晚会。

4) I'll call yon later.

以后我给你打电话。

5) Shall I ring him up?

要我给他打个电话吗?

6) Give me a call tomorrow.

明天给我打个电话。

7) Ring me(up) at three.

3点钟给我打电话。

8) Why don't you give him a ring?

你干吗不给他打个电话?

7.produce vt.生产,制造

1) Australia produces wool and meat.

澳大利亚生产羊毛和肉。

2) This factory produces 1000 cars a week.

这个工厂每周生产1000辆汽车。

3) Much of the salt that we use is produced from the sea.

我们所用的盐有许多是产自海水。

4) A hen produces eggs, and a cow produces milk.

母鸡产蛋,奶牛产奶。

8. all over the world全世界

此外 all over意为”整个“、”遍及“。”遍布“。”在…各地(in every part of)。例如:

1) These modern cars are used all over the world.

这些现代化汽车全世界都在使用。

2)We have friends all over the world.

我们的朋友遍天下。

3)Soon the news is all over Britain.

很快这个消息就传遍了全英国。

4) The snow was all over the ground.

遍地都是雪。

5) I've looked all over the house.

我把整个房屋都看遍了。

6) I have travelled all over China many, many times in my life.

我一生中多次走遍全中国。

around the world 在世界范围内

此处介词 around意为“在…范围内”。例如:

1) He spent a week travelling around the country.

他用了一周的时间在这个国家里旅行。

2) Most business letters around the world are written in English.

世界上的大多数商业信件是用英语写的。

3) I travelled around the world for a few years.

我周游世界几年。

9. else adv.别的,其它的

1)else可用在由some-,any-,no-,every一与一body,-thing,-one构成的复合不定代词的后边,起定语作用。例如:

①Did you see anybody else(=any other persons)?

你看见别的人了吗?

②Ask somebody else to help you.

请别人帮助你吧。

③Nothing else(=Nothing more), thank you.

没有别的事了,谢谢。

2)else还可用在副词somewhere, anywhere, nowhere的后边,起状语作用。例如:

①It's too noisy here. Let's go somewhere else.

这里太吵人了。我们去别的地方吧。

②You can't get it anywhere else.

这东西别的地方弄不到。

3)else可用在疑问代词 who, whose, what等后面(但不能用在 which后);也可用在疑问副词 when, where, how, why等后面。例如:

①Who else wants a ticket for Sunday?

还有谁想要星期天的票?

@What else do you want?

你还想要什么?

③Where else did you go?

你还去哪里了?

④I can't come on Tuesday.When else can we meet?

我星期二来不了。我们还能什么时候见面?

10.glass n.玻璃杯;玻璃

英语中有些名词既可用作可数,又可用作不可数,但其意义不同,常常是用于可数时表

示个体的概念,用于不可数时表示物质或抽象的概念。

可数名词不可数名词

a glass(玻璃杯) glass(玻璃)

a paper(报纸;试卷;论文) paper(纸)

a chicken(小鸡) chicken(鸡肉)

a life(生命) life(生活)

1)I broke a glass this morning. Glass is made from sand.

今天早上我打碎了一个玻璃杯。 玻璃是由沙子制造的。

2)What do the papers say? Paper is made from wood.

报上说些什么? 纸是由木材制成的。

3)He ate a whole chicken! Would you like some chicken?

他吃了整整一只鸡! 你要吃点儿鸡肉吗?

11.none pron.没有任何人或东西,一个人也没有

none的意思是 no one; no person; not any。它既可用于可数名词(须是指两个以上的人或物),又可用于不可数名词。none在句中起名词作用。当none在匈中用作主语时,如果代替的是可数名词,则谓语用单数或复数;如果代替不可数名词,则谓语只能用单数。注意 none后可接of结构。例如:

1) None of them spoke English except Tom.

除了汤姆外,他们谁也不讲英语。

2) None of his friends has/have ever been to Paris.

他的朋友谁也没去过巴黎。

3) None of the money is his.

这钱没有一点儿是他的。

4)一How many fish did you catch?你捉了多少条鱼?

一None.一条也没有。

5) He understood none of the lecture.

这课他一点儿没听懂。

6) I like none of the music.

这音乐我一点儿都不喜欢。

7) English is the first language in none of these countries.

在这些国家里,英语都不是第一语言。

no one和nobody意思一样,均指人,表示两个以上的人里“没有…人”。它们只能用

于可数名词,在句中可作主语或宾语。注意它们后边不可以接of结构。

1) No one wished him a happy birthday.

没有人祝他生日快乐。

2) No one wants to make friends with him.

谁也不想和他交朋友。

3) There was nobody to look after the child.

没人照料这个孩子。

试比较:

I've read no one of his books. (误)

I've read none of his books. (正)他的书我一本都没读过。

I haven't tead any of his books. (正)

12. the number of……的数(量)

表示某些人或物的具体数(量)。在句中作主语时,谓语要用单数。

l)The number of students in our class is 45.

我们班的学生人数是45位。

2)The number of cars we need is 20.

我们需要的汽车数是20辆。

3) Do you know the number of girls coming to the party?

你知道要出席晚会的女孩子人数吗?

4) Which language is spoken by the largest number of people in the world?

世界上哪种语言说的人数最多?

比较:a number of一些,若干(some;several)

后接可数名词复数,作主语时谓语要用复数。例如:

A number of students have been there.

有些学生去过那里。

13.That is why we are learning English in China.

那就是我们在中国学习英语的原因。

句中划线部分为表语从句,由连接副词 why引导。其它表语从句又如:

l) That is why he was late.

那就是他来晚的原因。

2) This is what I said to him.

这就是我对他说的话。

3) That is how we helped her to find her son.

我们就是这样帮助她找到她的儿子的。

4) That is where Lu Xun once lived.

那就是鲁迅经住过的地方。

5) The fact is (that) I have never been there.

事实是我从来没去过那里。

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篇2:高一英语第十六单元Unit 16 Fire

科目 英语

年级 高一

文件 high1 unit16.doc

标题 Unit 16 Fire

章节 第十六单元

关键词

内容

Unit 16 Fire

单元重点

Ⅰ语言要点

catch fire, (be) on fire, in that case, get burnt, belong to, break out, be out, put out the fire, escape from, lose one’s life, get close to.

Ⅱ日常交际用语

Look out! Be careful! Take care ! Never mind. If you…, you will …

Ⅲ语法

The past indefinite tense and the past continuous tense.(一般过去时和过去进行时)

eg.1. The fire destroyed the cars.

2.While the fire fighters was trying to control the fire, holicopters flew to the burning building.

重点难点分析

1.本单元要求学生围绕火灾这一日常生活中与人民生命财产密切相关的题材,完成听、说读、写的任务,所以下列词组很重要,请学生灵活运用。

▲Catch fire /be on fire着火

①The pan was so hot that the oil in it caught fire.锅太热了,里面的油着了。

②Once the pan is on fire, the first thing you do is to turn the gas off .一旦油锅着了,你首先该做的是把煤气关掉。

▲control fire控制火势

①The fire was too strong for them to control.火势太大了,他们控制不了。

②Firefighters came quickly so that the fire was controled.消防员很快赶到控制了火势。

▲discovery a fire.发现火警

If you discovery a fire, break the glass to sound the fire alarm.如果你发现了火灾,打碎玻璃去弄响火警铃报警。

▲put out the fire灭火

Who helped you to put out the fire?谁帮助你们把火扑灭了?

▲escape from the fire逃离火境

They tried their best to escape from the fire, but they failed.他们努力想逃离火境,但带是失败了。

▲make a fire.生火 set…on fire使……燃烧着火

fire alarm. 火警警报 fire exit出口 fire escape(火警时用的)太平梯

2.Is the fire out ?火灭了吗?

反义:Is the fire sill burning?火还着着吗?

3.You might get burnt and you might drop the pan of burning oil.

你可能被火烧伤;也可能因为太烫而把锅扔了。

might表示可能性possible

eg. Jane might come later, but I don’t think she will. 珍妮可能来得晚些,但我想她不愿这样。

4.In that case, you wouldn’t have a pan on fire. 如果那样的话,就不仅仅是一口锅着火了。

①You haven’t finished your work. In that case, you aren’t allowed to leave.

即然你还没完成工作,就不许走。

②The room is full of smoke. In that case, you’d better call 119 immediately.如果整个房间的都是烟了,这种情况下你最好马上打119.

5.Or you may be trapped by the fire. ……否则你可能被大火困住。

①He couldn’t return in time because he was trapped by something difficult.

他身陷麻烦之中,所以不能及时回来了。

②The police trapped a thief down narrow street from which he couldn’t escape.警察把贼堵在一条小胡同里,使他无路可逃。

6.The fire also destroyed ears which belonged to people who worked in the building.

大火也烧毁了那些在这座大楼里工作的人们的汽车/

这句话中有两个定语从句,1个是which引导的定语从句修饰cars.另1个是who引导的worked in the building,限定people两个关连词作定语从句的主语,所以不能被省略。

belong to:属于,没有被动语态

①China belongs to developing country.中国属于发展中国家。

②I gave it to you as a gift. So it belong to you from mow on.我把它做为礼物递给你,从现在起它是你的了。

7.the fire broke out on the 11th floor.

break out =start通常指战争火灾等大事件的突然爆发。

①The first World War broke out in 1914. 1914一战爆发

8.an electrical fire:电路走火

9.Below the 11th floor people were able to escape into the street .

escape vt.vi.n.逃跑 通常和from连用,做及物动词逃脱、逃避讲时后跟名词n或动名词ving.

①He had a marrow escape from eleath.他幸免于一死。

②Every large theatre should have fire escapes.每座大剧院都该有太平门。

③The gas is escaping somewhere.什么地方漏气了

④None of the criminals escaped punishment/being punished.罪犯一个也没有逃脱惩罚。

10.…but it was impossible to control it .

…it was impossible for people on the floors above to escape.

…but it was impossible for them to get close enough.

▲It is /was impossible(possible),necessary, important) for sb. To do sth.对某人来说,做某事不可能(有可能,很必要,很重要)

It is /was +adj for sb to do sth和It is /was +adj sb to do sth的区别。

eg. ①It is necessary for students to listen English every day.对学生来说每天听英语很必要。

这句话表示to listen English is necessary是对动作的评价

②It is kind of you to help me. 你来帮我太好了。

这句话表示“you are kind”是对人的主观评价。

▲get close (to )接近

11.There were so many people in the street watching the fire that firefighters could not get close to the building.

有那么多人在街上观看以至消防队员根本无法靠近大楼。

“watching”在这里是分词做伴随,表示“There were many people in the street. They were watching the fire.”

eg. The professor put his finger into mouth, looking rather pleased.

教授把手指放在嘴里,很得意的样子。

12. The fire lasted about four hours before the firefighters could control it .

大火烧了4个小时之后消防队员才将火势控制住。

①The performance lasted two hours.演出持续了2小时。

②This cloth lasts well.这种布很耐穿。

③──It has been raining for a week. How long do you think it’ll last ?

雨已经下了一个星期了,你觉得这种天气还得持续多久呀?

13.The whole building was destroyed and over 220 people lost their lives in the fire.

整座大厦都烧毁了,而且有220多人在大火中丧生。

lose one’s life丧生

eg.①Most people lost their lives in the earthquake, Only few of them were rescued.

大部分人在地震中丧生,只有少数人获救。

②Thanks to the doctors, he didn’t lost his life in the traffic accident.多亏了医生他才没死于这场交通事故。

过去时和过去进行时

过去时表示在说话前发生的某一动作,过去进行时表示这一动作发生时,某事正在进行中与现在时和现在进行时相对。

eg. ①While I was running towards the nearest exit, my coat caught fire.当我朝最近的出口跑的时候,我的衣服被烧着了。

②I was answering a telephone, when the pan was on fire.锅被烧着时,我正接电话。

③The man looked worried because he didn’t know how to sound the fire alarm.

那个人看起来很着急,因为他不知道怎么弄响警铃。

④As we were walking back, we saw some smoke over the hill.

我们往回走的时候,看见山上冒烟了。

过去时的构成 主+r.ed.

过去进行时的构成 主+was /were+ving.

练习

1.用下列词组写一篇小作文,以Fires in Homes为题,然后完成下面的完型填空,从文章中找出下列词的同义词。

break out, fire department, put out, escape from, be careful, lose one’s life, last firefighter, discover.

Fires in Homes

What should you do if your house catches a fire ? Warn the ① and get out as ②as possible. Don’t stop ③your things, ④call 119 at once.

……

Most fire-safety experts suggested that bedroom doors ⑤at night. Can you think why? If a fire breaks out at might, if often burns for a long time ⑥it is discovered. Hall ways(过道)sometimes become ⑦smoke and poisonous(有毒的)gases. A closed door prevents these from

⑧the bedroom ⑨someone may be sleeping.

If you should wake up ⑩and smell smoke, remain calm(冷静).Go to the bedroom door and

⑾it .If it is warm or hot, ⑿it.There is fire in the hall. Wake up ⒀of the family. Then go to the window. If you can do so safely, ⒁down, But don’t jump ⒂as a last resont(手段),Wait for help. If the door is not warm, open it . And make your ⒃ care fully out of the house.

1.A.home B. house C. family D. members

2.A.quick B. well C. far D. quickly

3.A. save B. to save C. saving D. saved

4.A.but B. and C. than D. or

5.A. closed B. be closed C. close D. closing

6.A. before B. after C. unless D. within

7.A. covered B. filled with C. full D. enough

8.A. enter B. entering C. to enter D. enter into

9.A. that B. which C. on which D. where

10.A.one day B. some night C. some day D. some mights

11.A. open B. feel C. close D. catch

12.A. some B. do open C. close D. don’t open

13.A. some B. many C. most D. the rest

14.A. climb B. walk C. jump D. fall

15.A. beside B. besides C. except D. except that

16.A. things B. decisien C. way D. record

1-5 C D B A B 6-10 A B B D B 11-16 B D D A C C

注释

2.quickly修饰动词warn尽快叫醒所有人并且逃到屋外去。

3.stop to save停下来去收拾东西。 “stop doing”表示“停止做”

4.Don’t stop to save …,but call…“不要……而去做”

5.suggest sb (should )do sth. The door should be closed

8.prevent from doing sth =stop from doing sth

14.如果你能安全地爬下,就亦窗口下去,不到万不得已千万不要跳窗户。

篇3:初一第十六单元

内容

第十六单元

一. 教学目的:复习本册所学的内容, 总结知识要点.

二. 教学重点:综合复习.

三. 重点难点讲解:

1. It’s an old photo of my family.

这是我家的一张旧照片.

of 后面的名词表示的是照片上是什么或谁. 如果of 后面用的是名词性物主代词,就表示一种所属关系, 则照片上可能不一定是某人的像, 而强调这张照片是这个人所有照片中的一张. 如:

a photo of Jim’s. Jim的一张照片.(照片上可能是Jim, 可能不是他.)

2. old的用法.

Old表示 “旧的”, “年老的”, 可作定语, 也可作表语. 如:

(1) It’s an old bike. 这是辆旧自行车.

(2) The table is very old. 那张桌子已经很旧了.

3. See you soon. 再见

See you soon 相当于goodbye,己于人常用在短时间还要见面的分手时. 如果不是这种情况, 而要过很长时间才能见面, 则一般不这么说.

4. it的用法.

It可用来指baby(婴儿), 指一位不明确的人. 指时间,距离,天气,可用来代替this 或that, 可用来特指前面提到过的某一件事物. 如:

(1) Look at the baby. It looks lovely. 看那婴儿, 多可爱.

(2) Who’s it behind the door? 门后的是谁呀?

(3) It’s not very far from here to our school. 从这儿到我们学校不太远.

(4) It’s fine today. 今天天气晴朗.

四. 练习

1. 按要求写出相应的词.

(1) down 反义词

(2) no 同音词

(3) family 复数

(4) they 物主代词

(5) he 名词性物主代词

2. 综合选择

(1) here, please.

A. Go B. Come C. The one D. Come to

(2) are good friends, do you know?

A. I and she B. I and her C. She and me D. She and I

(3) Whose trousers ?

A. is this B. is that C. are you D. are they

(4) The woman is over fifty, she looks young.

A. and B. but C. or D. too

(5) “Whose bedroom is this?” “ It’s ”

A. twins B. twins’ C. the twin’s D. the twins’

五. 答案

1. (1) up (2) know (3) families (4) their (5) his

2. (1) B (2) D (3)D (4) B (5) D

(1) Come here, please. 请到这儿来.

(2) She and I are good friends, do you know? 她和我是好朋友, 你知道吗?

(3) Whose trousers are they? 它们是谁的裤子?

(4) The woman is over fifty. But she looks young. 那女士已经超过五十岁,但看起来很年轻.

“ Whose bedroom is this?” “It’s the twins’.” “那间卧室是谁的?”

篇4:初二英语第十六单元The seasons of the year

内容

教学目标

1.词汇

A.单词 spring春季, summer夏季,autumn秋季,winter冬季,January一月份,hot热的

warm暖和的,cool凉爽的,season季节,everything每一件东西/事情,wear穿着

weather天气,well(身体)好,rain下雨/雨,snow下雪/雪,lake湖,penfriend笔友

letter信,skate滑冰

B.词组last from卼o ?/FONT>从某时持续到某时,National Day国庆节,at this time of year一年中的这个时候,at a bad/good time of year一年中的坏/好时光/季节,be different from与……不同,The way卻peak某人说话的方式,get warm/long变暖和/长了,get ready for?/FONT>准备好(做)某事,turn green变绿了,the next year来年/第二年,go skating/shopping去滑冰/购物,this year今年,in spring/summer/autumn/winter在春/夏/秋/冬季,in January在一月份,take off脱下

2.句型1)Which part of 卍o you come from ?你来自某个国家/城市的哪个地方?

2)I like卋etter than ?/FONT>比起?/FONT>我更喜欢?/FONT>。3)I like卋est.我最喜欢……/

4)It's best to do ??d better do最好……。 5)need to do需要做……

3.日常用语1)What's the weather like? 天气怎样/如何?2)What happen in spring?春天怎么样?

3)It's very cold/ hot today, isn't it ?今天很冷/很热,是吧?

4.语法,反意疑问句

这种疑问句表示说话人对所陈述的事情有所怀疑或不肯定,想通过对方的回答来加以肯定或否定。反意疑问句的构成有两种:

△肯定陈述句+一般疑问句的简略否定

△否定陈述句+一般疑问句的简略肯定。例如:

1)You are a student. aren't you? -Yes, I am. /No , I'm not.

你是个学生,是不是? -是的,我是。/不,我不是。

2)-She can swim, can't she ? -Yes, she can/No, she can't .

-她会游泳,是不是? -是的,她会。/不,她不会。

3)-He lives in the next room, doesn't he ? -Yes, he does. /No, he doesn't .

-他住在隔壁的屋里,是不是?-是的。/不,他不住在那儿。

4)-Peter borrowed a bike from Jack, didn't he ? -Yes, he did ./No, he didn't .

-彼得向杰克借了一辆自行车,是不是?-是的。/不,他没借。

5)-They are talking about the film, aren't they ? -Yes, they are ./No, they aren't .

-他们正在谈论那部电影,是不是? -是的。/不,不是。

6)-There wasn't a football game on TV last night, was there ? -Yes, there was .

/No, there wasn't. -昨晚电视里没有足球赛,是吗?-不,有足球赛。/是的,没有。

7)-Your brother isn't going to fly kites, is he ? -Yes, he is. /No, he isn't .

-你弟弟不打算去放风筝,是吗?-他打算去。/是的,他不打算去。

8)-You don't like watching TV, do you ? -Yes, I do. /No, I don't .

-你不喜欢看电视,是吗? -不,我喜欢。 /是的,我不喜欢。

注:对于第一种结构的反意疑问句的肯定或否定回答与一般疑问句的回答方式一样。如例句1)-5)。对于第二种结构的反意疑问句做回答的时候,则要注意它与中文在表达上的巨大差异。只要事实是肯定的,就用yes,如事实是否定的,就用No。切不可按中文的翻译写成yes卬ot./No卛s .等。如例句6)-8)

注:反意疑问句的陈述句中含有never, few, little, hardly, nothing, nobody等具有否定意义的词,后面疑问部分应用肯定形式。例如:

9)You never saw each other before, did you ?你们以前彼此从未见过面,是吗?

10)There are few apples left on the tree, are there?树上没剩几个苹果了,是吗?

11)He has little food to eat, does he ?他几乎没什么吃的了,是吗?

12)She can hardly drive a car, can she ?她还不太会开车,是吗?

13)There is nothing in that box. Is there?盒子里什么也没有,是吗?

14)Nobody came here today, did they?今天没人来过这儿,是吗?

教学重点与难点

1.谈论天气的用语

1)-What's the weather like today ?/How's the weather today?

-It's sunny/ windy/rainy/cloudy/showy/fine, today.

-今天天气如何?-是个睛天/大风天/下雨天/阴天/下雪天/好天。

2)It's a lovely day, isn't it ?今天天气不错,是不是?

3)It blowed strongly last night.昨夜刮了一夜的大风。

4)I'm afraid it's going to rain.恐怕要下雨了。

5)What a cold day it is !/How cold the day /it is !天气真冷啊!

6)It looks like rain. 看来要下雨了。

7)There is going to be a big rain tomorrow. 明天将要下大雨。

注:句6)7)中的rain是名词。名词rain一般为不可数,但前面被形容词修饰时,一般带不定冠词,如句7)

2.last一词的用法

1)动词,表示“延续”、“持续”。例如:

①How long does the second term usually last ?第二学期一般持续多久?

②In China, winter lasts from November to January.在中国,冬季从十一月延续到一月。

2)形容词,表示“最后的”,与first相对;还可表示“刚刚过去的”,与next相对。例如:

③I wanted to be the first to come but I was the last.

我愿想第一个到,但结果却是最后一个。

④They went to Qingdao last year and they are going there again next year.

他们去年去了青岛,明年还要去。

3)副词,表示“最后”、“最后一个”,相对的词first,表示“第一个”。例如:

⑤Li Lei spoke first at the meeting and meimei spoke last.

李雷在会上第一个发言,梅梅最后一个发言。

4)短语at last, 表示“终于”、“最后”;相对的短语at first表示“开始”。例如:

⑥At first I wanted to go with them. But I stayed at home at last.

起初我想和他们一起去,但最后我还是留在家里了。

3. be different from与……不同

1)The weather in Beijing is quite different from that in Guangzhou.

北京的天气与广东的天气大不相同。

2)This coat is quite different from that one in style(款式).

这件外套在款式上与那件很不一样。

注:与其相反的词组是be the same as与……一样。例如:

3)My idea is different from yours. /My idea is not the same as yours.

我的观点与你的不一样。

4)Lucy and Lily Look the same as each other.露西和莉丽看上去长得一样。

4. Thank you /Thanks for sth/ for doing sth意思是“谢谢你的……”或“谢谢你(做了某事)。”例如:

1)Thank you /Thanks for your help.

2)Thank you /Thanks for coming to my birthday party.谢谢你来参加我的生日聚会。

5.get和turn

这两个词都是行为动词。但当get表示“逐渐变得”时,turn表示颜色的变化时,它们就是连系动词了。后面要接形容词。例如:

1)As winter comes near, the days get shorter.随着冬季的来临,白天越来越短。

2)It's getting dark and colder.天色逐渐暗了,天变得更冷了。

3)She got sorry when she heard the news. 当她听到那个消息,她难过了。

4)The trees turn yellow in autumn.秋天,树叶变黄了。

5)With the coming of spring. The trees turn green.随着春天的到来,树变绿了。

6.well一词的意义

well有三种词性。做形容词时,意思为“身体健康”;做副词时,意思为“(程度上)好地”;做名词时,意思为“井”。例如:

1)How are you ? -I'm very well, thank you .-你(身体)好吗?-很好,谢谢!

2)He was ill the day before but today he is better.他前天病了,但今天好些了。

3)Li Lei can speak English very well. 李雷英语讲得很好。

4)Do you know the twin very well? 你对那对双胞胎很熟悉吗?

5)I like winter better than summer because I can go skating at the time.

我喜欢冬天要胜过夏天,因为冬天我可去滑冰。

7.get ready for sth/ to do sth

都表示“为……做准备”,强调动作。例如:

1)They are getting ready for supper.他们正在准备晚饭。

2)My father is getting ready to leave for Chanchun.我爸爸正准备动身去长春。

注:be ready for表示“准备就绪”、“准备好了”,强调状态。例如:

3)We are ready for the class.我们已经准备好了上课。/我们已经为上课做好了准备。

4)Are you ready to help farmers with the harvest?你们准备好了?/乐于帮助农民收获吗?

同步练习

1.找出含有题前所给词划线部分发音的单词

( )1)talk A. always B. hard C. warm D. park

( )2)aunt A. answer B. autumn C. because D. August

( )3)ready A. really B. great C. mean D. weather

( )4)enough A. count B. touch C. cloudy D. house

( )5)word A. story B. worse C. sport D. forty

( )6)needed A. wanted B. enjoyed C. helped D. worked

2.选择填空

( )1)Her sister cleaned the room this morning ?

A. didn't she B. wasn't she C. did she D. was she

( )2)- the weather like today ? -It's windy.

A. How's B. What does C. How does D. What's

( )3)The weather in Harbin is different from in Hainan.

A. that B. it C. the one D. one

( )4)- is spring in China? -About three month from February to April.

A. How often B. How long C. How far D. How much

( )5)-Can you speak French ? -Yes, but .

A. not many B. only a little C. not much D. only a few

( )6)-Is there anything wrong with your car, Peter? - .

A. Yes. I'm afraid to B. No, I'm afraid not

C. Yes. It is . D. No, it isn't .

( )7)He is getting . He'll be enough to get back tomorrow.

A. well, well B. good, good C. better, well D. well, better

( )8)It's best warm clothes in this cold weather.

A. wear B. to wear C. wears D. for wearing

( )9)The rain lighter when I went out.

A. got B. turned C. began D. came

( )10)He never gets to school late, he ?

A. do B. doesn't C. does D. is

3.根据句意在空格上填上一个恰当的词

1)-How many are there in a year ? -four.

2)In China, it's very warm in , in summer, cool in and in winter.

3)Are they ready have the meal?

4)Thank you very much helping me so much.

5)Which wonth comes Jane ?-July.

6)It comes autumn and lasts November January in China. It is often very and sometimes it snows. Skating is the best in this season What season is it ? .

7) It comes October. New term begins on the day of this .

It is not very hot or very . What mouth is it ? .

4.补全对话

A:Which coat would you like ? B:I'm not sure. A:were, ①

B:I prefer green, but this green is too dark A: ② B:That's too light.

A: ③ B:Yes , that's just right. Let me have a look. A:Here you are.

B:Oh, it's nice and soft, too. ④ A:ninety-fine yuan. B:That's dear.

⑤ A:No, I'm afraid not . B:All right. I'll take it.

A. Is this one better ? B. What about this one ? C. Can it be cheaper?

D. How much is it ? E. Which color do you like ?

5.阅读理解

What is the sky(天空)

What is the sky ? Where is it ? How high is it ? What lies above it ?These questions are difficult to answer, aren't they ?

Is the sky blue ? The sky has no colour. We know that there is air around the world. When planes fly, they need air to lift their wings(翅膀). Planes can not fly very high because when they go higher, the air gets thinner. If we go up above 1,200 kilometres from the earth, we find there is no air. Perhaps we can answer some of our questions now The sky is space. In this space there is only the sun, the moon and all the stars.

1)What is the sky ?

A. It's space B. It's windy C. It's air D. It's nothing

2)The sky .

A. is blue B. has no colour C. is blue and white D. is black

3)Planes can not fly very high because .

A. the flying machine is not good B. the cloud is too thick

C. the sky is too short D. the air becomes thinner

4)If we go up above 1,200 kilometres from the earth we find .

A. there is some air B. there is less air

C. there is no air D. there is nothing

5)In space there is .

A. only the sun B. nothing

C. only the sun and the moon D. only the sun, the moon and all the stars

6.完形填空

Tom: Hello, Jack. Come here. Let's talk about what we are going to do tomorrow.

Jack: Tomorrow is Sunday. I like to play football. There is going to 1 a football match

2 the team from the No. 2 Middle School and the team from our school 3 the playground tomorrow afternoon. I'm going to play with them. You want to go and watch the match,

4 you ?

Tom : I like basketball 5 than football. Many of us can play basketball. We are going to

6 a basketball match in the school stadium(体育馆)tomorrow afternoon.

Jack : So you can't go to watch our match 7 the way, there is going to be a film at seven tomorrow evening in the school cinema. I have tickets here. I can let you 8 one.

Tom : 9 . We'd better 10 early.

Jack : All right. See you later.

1.A.be B. is C. have D. has

2.A.at B. in C. with D. between

3.A.in B. on C. for D. with

4.A.do B. aren't C. haven't D. don't

5.A. much B. better C. more D. very much

6.A. is B. has C. have D. be

7.A. On B. By C. With D. Between

8.A. to have B. having C. has D. have

9.A. What's it B. What great C. That's great D. That great

10.A. to get there B. get there C. get to there D. getting there

答案

1. C A D B B A

2. A D A B B A C B A C

3.1) seasons 2) spring, hot , autumn, cold 3) to 4) for 5) after 6)after, from, to , cold ,sport, winter 7) before, first, month, cold, September

4.①E ②A ③B ④D⑤C

5. A B D C D

6. A D B D B C B D C B

篇5:高二英语第十六单元The sea(海洋)

科目 英语

年级 高二

文件 high2 unit16.doc

标题 The sea(海洋)

章节 第十六单元

关键词 高二英语第十六单元

内容

一、教法建议

【抛砖引玉】

本单元围绕海洋知识这一题材,让同学们通过阅读“The Sea”“Salt Lakes of the World”和“Life in the Oceans”来了解有关海洋及海洋生物的知识。

单元双基学习目标

Ⅰ. 词汇学习

四会单词和词组:sailor , do well , make up one’s mind , bathe , time ( vt .) , spring , beg , beg one’s pardon , captain , depth , merely , huge , construction

三会单词和词组:seaside , beach , dive , navy , drown , come up , vast , surface , solid , various , variety , float , the Dead Sea , partly , on average , pole , the South Pole , huge , at a time , occur , treasure , voyage , load , cycle , kg = kilogram(me) , the Atlantic = the Atlantic Ocean

Ⅱ. 交际英语

道歉和遗憾

一般来说,中国人喜欢反复强调自己的谦意,并喜欢用“非常抱歉”、“深表歉意”等表示程度倾向的语句,而英美人士则不同,对于因客观原因而造成的过失或差错,则不必主动工过分向对方表示歉意。如一定要向对方道歉,说声 sorry 即可,一般不用 very , terribly , truly 等表示程度的词。因为在美国,过分的道歉或自责反而显得不太诚恳,令人感到虚假或另有用心。

Some useful expressions:

1 . Sorry / Pardon / I'm sorry .

2 . I'm sorry for/about…

3 . I'm sorry to do sth . / I'm sorry to have done sth…

4 . Excuse me ( for… )

5 . be afraid that…

6 . What a pity/shame !

7 . It's a pity that…

8. That's all right . /It doesn't matter . /That's nothing .

9 . That's OK . /It's quite all right . /Never mind . /No trouble at all . / That's not your fault .

交际示范:

( A is late for a birthday party ) .

A : Come in , Mr Smith . Nice to see you .

B : Nice to see you too . I'm very sorry to be late . ( I'm sorry to have kept you waiting . )

A : It doesn't matter . We're glad you could come .

B : I didn't quite remember the number of your house , so it took me a long time to find your house .

A : I'm sorry that I didn't make myself clear .

B : Oh , that's nothing .

Ⅲ. 语法重点

学习省略句的用法。

【指点迷津】

单元重点词汇点拨

1. sailor水手;海员

He

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